It is not often one has the opportunity to purchase a ranch with all the quality characteristics of good weather, large size, quality production, irrigated farmland, and excellent location. Accessed immediately on driving across the border from the United States makes it one of a kind. This Chihuahua ranch lies in a very productive region with gentle valleys and rolling hills representing some of the most premier grazing country available on the market for the serious cattle rancher.
The ranch is located in the Municipality of Janos, Chihuahua, Mexico about 167 miles west of El Paso, Texas, 247 miles southeast of Tucson, Arizona, and 97 miles southwest of Deming, New Mexico. While actually two contiguous ranches, El Berrendo and El Palmar, they are marketed and sold as one ranch. The northern fence line for both ranches is on the Mexican/American border in the boot heel of southwest New Mexico. El Berrendo headquarters is located at the Berrendo/Antelope Wells Port of Entry. The ranches are accessed primarily via Mexican Highway 2 from the south and New Mexico Highway 81 from the north.
Located in some of the best cattle production areas in north central Mexico, El Palmar and El Berrendo are spread over approximately 160,857 acres. Included in this acreage is about 1,236 acres of irrigated farmland with another 1,200 acres of farmland under current development. The elevation ranges between 4,500 - 7,300 feet with the majority of the area between 4,500 - 5,400 feet. The terrain is a rolling landscape, with mostly grassland, similar to the far West Texas area of the Davis Mountains.
Approximately 9,750 acres of El Berrendo (Mount Oso) is non-contiguous and located west of the ranch on the Sonora/Chihuahua border. Although near, it is totally different with mountains, pine trees and higher elevation. It has a UMA Permit with the State of Chihuahua for hunting and game management, and is outstanding for Coues deer, mule deer and mountain lion hunting.
El Palmar Ranch has 21 wells that are serviced by pumpjack, windmill and submersible pumps. The owner is currently drilling 6 irrigation wells in an area of the ranch with plans to irrigate 1,200 acres with 6 center pivots. El Palmar Farm has 7 irrigation wells and 5 center pivots on 1,236 acres. The pivots average 194 acres in size and are improved with Valley irrigation systems. Part of El Berrendo is divided into smaller pastures for high intensity/low frequency rotational management.
Weather, location, terrain, a wide variety of grasses and vegetation all combine to support an operation for cow/calf, stocker or combination. The stocking rate is about 40 acres per AU, and a portion is 60 acres per AU. When stocked, the irrigated farm stocking rate is 3-6 head per acre. Steers and heifers coming in weigh 250-300 pounds per head about November 15th and ship out around April 15 weighing 550-650 pounds per head.
Most of the cattle crossed through the border into the United States originate in Chihuahua, and cattle from the Berrendo area cross in New Mexico at Columbus or Santa Teresa.
While a wide variety of crops are produced from fertile soils across the region, El Palmar mainly grows alfalfa for hay production or a wheat, oats, and rye mix for grazing. The alfalfa is both sold and used on the ranch. The region annually harvests around 7 to 7.5 tons of good quality alfalfa per acre. A normal planting of alfalfa lasts 4 to 6 years. Grazing is from November 15 to April 15, sometimes extended until May. Stocking is about 1,800 pounds per acre.
New division fences have been installed to improve pasture management and others are in the plans. Some have been installed for high intensity/low frequency rotational grazing.
The Casas Grandes/Janos region of northern Chihuahua has long been recognized as a place of great cultural diversity. Mennonites and Mormons farming methods are very advanced, using the latest technology and boosting the agricultural economy in the region.